Boxing and Unboxing in C#



Boxing is the conversion of a value type (stack) to a Object type (heap).

Boxing is implicit.

In the following example, the integer variable a is boxed and assigned to object b.


int a = 2020; // The following line boxes a. object b = a;

Unboxing is the conversion of a Object type back to a Value type. 
Unboxing is explicit. We have to cast explicitly.

int a = 2020; // a value type

object b = a; // boxing
int c = (int)b; // unboxing

When boxing a value, we have to ensure that the value type is large enough to hold the value of the object.

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